Open Archives Intitiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting / OAI-PMH

It is a protocol that develops and promotes interoperability standards with the object of faciliating the effective dissemination of contents in open archives.  OAI-PMH creates potential for interoperabilty amongs the e-print archives and makes it possible to harvest these archive’s metadata on a scannable database, that is, to collect them together. Harvested metadata is set in Dublin Core and includes information such as writers, titles, topics, summary and date.

Open Access

Open access is that scholarly repository is accessable, readable, recordable, duplicable, printable, scannable, indexable, that links to full text, can be transferred into the software as data and can be used for any legal purpose without financial, legal or technical barriers via internet.

Open Archives Intitiative / OAI

It is the effort to enhance access to e-print archives as a means of increasing the availability of scholarly communication. Open Archives Intitiative promotes interoperability standards that are aiming to develop to faciliate the effective dissemination of scholarly repository.

Open Access Journal

Open Access Journals are scholarly journals that are accessable, readable, recordable, duplicable, printable, scannable, indexable, linkable to full text, transferable into the software as data and can be used for any legal purpose without financial, legal or technical barriers via internet. Some of open access journals are subsidised by academic institutions or government, and some need paying by the authors or institutions that provide funds to authorts for studies. There are open access journals in different types, such as ‘Hybrid Journal’ ‘Collection Journal’, ‘Delayed Open Access Journal’.

Gold Road

It is that the researchers publish their work free of charge in journals with referee evaluations, editorial boards and qualitatively comparable to commercial journals.


Archiving is the process that is done by author of the publication that will be stored in the Institutional archive its saving process in the Institutional archive with its metadata.

DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals)

It is the disciplinary index that provides searches in open journals’ metadatas  and access links to the full document. 

Indirect Archiving

It is the archiving of the publication not by the author but by the institutional archive.

File Management

It is the register of the electronic copy after the metadata of an archived publication is added.

DRIVER (Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research)

It is a collaboration project supported by the EU Research Commission and offers free-access digital resources published in all academic subject areas collectively.

Dublin Core (DC)

It is an infrastructure model that enables the metadata belonging to the documents to be defined, saved, to communicate easily with different applications and to keep structural changes as a whole.

Dublin Core Metadata Element Set

It is a document definition standard.


It is the form of publications published in e-media.

E-Print Archive

It is the archiving of the information resources owned and / or produced by the institution by transferring to e-media. In other words, it is an online store of materials owned by an institution.

E-LIS (E-Prints in Library and Information Science)

It is a system that archives open access resources on librarianship and information science.

Google Scholar

It provides the opportunity to search the scientific literature including refereed papers, theses, books, essences and technical reports on any subject related to the research. It indexes articles on academic publishers, professional associations, prepress collections and universities’ websites.

Hybrid Journal

A hybrid journal is a journal with some of its articles open access. This typically requires the publisher to pay a certain fee for open access broadcasting. This fee is also called an article processing charge. Some traditional journals offer authors the option to publish freely accessible articles for an additional fee. Authors must pay a fee to publish open access articles in a hybrid journal, or through a funding institution. The publication fee varies according to the publisher and the journal, but it is around 2,000 USD per article.

Self Archiving

It is the addition of the copies of the researches published in scientific journals and presented in different activities such as congress and conference, and it is opened to an institutional archive and open to public Access.

Institutional Repository

The institutional digital archive is the system that stores and publishes intellectual outputs such as peer-reviewed journal articles, conference papers, course materials and thesis to international standards.

MedOANet Project

It is a project supported by the 7th Framework Program of the European Commission and aims to develop open access policies and strategies in Mediterranean countries. The main objective of the project is to coordinate policies  and structures at national and regional levels in six Mediterranean countries (Greece, Italy, France, Spain, Portugal and Turkey).

OAIster (Union Catalog of Digital Resources)

It is a collective catalog of millions of information sources available to the public. The Open Archives Initiative harvests open access collections using the Metadata Collation Protocol.

OpenAIRE Project

It is an interface and support mechanism for the identification, storage, access and viewing of articles supported by the European Union 7th Framework Program and the European Research Council. The main purpose of OpenAIRE is to provide support to researchers in accordance with the 7th Framework Program through a European Help Desk System, and to support researchers to publish their research output in an institutional or thematic archive included in the OpenAIRE Portal.

OpenAIREPlus Project

It is a project that aims to strengthen the open access infrastructure in Turkey and is supported by the European Commission’s 7th Framework Program. The aim of the project is to develop a participatory Open Access infrastructure that integrates publications, datasets and projects for access to scientific information.


OpenDOAR (Directory of Open Access Repositories)

It is a directory that provides a list of corporate digital archives and mediates bulk search on their contents.


It is the form of articles submitted to any journal for publication by the author (s), or submitted to the review of the referees to be evaluated for the publication of the articles in another form.

ROAR (Registry of Open Access Repositories)

It is a directory that gives a list of Institutional Repositories.

ROARMAP (The Registry of Open Access Repository Mandates and Policies)

It is an international guide to searchable open access policies accepted by universities, research institutions and other research fund providers.

Service Provider

It hosts the services of data providers with the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting, that is, it mediates its publication.


It is a database of research fund providers’ open access policies. The requirements and conditions for self-archiving research publications and data are summarized to allow comparing the policies of different funding agencies.


It is a searchable database of copyright and self-archiving policies for publishers prepress and postprints. This service at Nottingham University is available in four languages, English, Spanish, Hungarian and Portuguese. RoMEO summarizes publishers’ conditions and classifies publishers by colors that show the level of rights granted to authors.


This is the form of articles evaluated by the referees and decided to be published. In other words, it is a copy of the articles that go through the referee evaluation process.

Overlay Journal

The term Overlay Journal is used for a special type of open access journal with academic content. Overlay journals create added value for science by grouping articles in a scattered environment, providing a comprehensive focus on relatively uncertain or emerging issues. The content of the overlay journals is created by choosing from the pre or final edition journal articles currently available in open archives. Editors of overlay journals review and evaluate materials available in open access archives and public resources. This evaluation can take the form of an editor or editors’ evaluation of an article. After the evaluation, the studies deemed appropriate can take various forms. Its official format is the publication of the article with the explicit consent of the editor. Editor’s approval may be in the form of an attachment to the text or metadata, or linking to the article only through the journal’s table of contents. An alternative approach may be to link to articles currently published in various open access journals.


It is a data set that defines an information source. In other words, it is structured information about the discovery, identification, use and management of numerical information and information sources.

Data Provider

It is a system that enables communication with the data source by using the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting.

Publishing Permit

It is the right of an author to make his/her work available electronically via the institutional archive.

Publisher's Version

It is the form of the articles that have been reviewed by the referee, have been arranged, read by the proofreader, published or to be published.

Green Road

It is for researchers to put a copy of their studies published in open access or commercial journals in open access archives.